By definition, a phoneme is a consonant if air flow is restricted in some way. The format for Articulatory Analysis of consonants involves three main things: passive place of articulation, manner of articulation, and active place of articulation. The manner of articulation is the relationship of the articulators to each other. That is, how they configure and interact with each other and what is going on around them that allows a certain sound to be produced. Continue reading “Consonants: Manner”
By definition, a phoneme is a consonant if air flow is restricted in some way. The format for Articulatory Analysis of consonants involves three main things: passive place of articulation, manner of articulation, and active place of articulation. The place of articulation(both passive and active) refers to which articulator(s) are being used. Most, but not all consonants have both a passive place and an active place. Continue reading “Consonants: Place”
Arbitrary IPA Numbering (A.IPA.N.)
Arbitrary IPA Numbering is the second level of IPA Notation. This is based off of the same arrangement of phonemes on the QWERTY keyboard. However, instead of using special characters, we use numbers to represent each phoneme. The intent is to enable the user to apply IPA notation in electronic form without the need for the computer to be able to process special characters. A.IPA.N. is designed so that no keys will be needed except for the keys on the number pad and can be used as a stepping stone from A.IPA.S. to articulatory analysis. The computer can read a file of articulatory analysis and convert downward to A.IPA.N. However, in order to convert downward from articulatory analysis to A.IPA.N., the computer has to do some machine learning where it uses a couple algorithms, Zipf’s law and Benford’s Law which are used together to predict specific alterations in pronunciation that cannot be noted in A.IPA.N. but are required in more precise notations. Continue reading “The Stepping Stone”
Arbitrary IPA Spacing
The first IPA notation is arbitrary phonetic spacing, or A.IPA.S.
A.IPA.S. uses no numbers but rather uses a phonetic transliteration script where each phoneme in the IPA is represented by its own character and accent is indicated by the size of the characters in each syllable. This alphabet is the basis for all other notation scripts. There are around 43 characters divided into two categories: vowels and consonants. The vowel category is slightly more systematic than the consonants, which are extremely arbitrary. A.IPA.S. is usually expressed in its own set of phonetic characters but can also be expressed on the QWERTY keyboard. Continue reading “The Foundation”